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Soap Maker: manufactured soap. European soap manufactured after the 16th century was made from vegetable oils rather than animal fats.
Soaper: alternative name for a Soap Maker.
Sojourner: traveller, travelling merchant or vagrant.
Sojourner Clothier: a travelling merchant selling clothing.
Soldier: member of the land based armed forces.
Sole Cutter: made the soles for boots and shoes by cutting the leather.
Solicitor: legal professional.
Solid Iron Grinder: alternate term for a Sad Iron Grinder, who worked on the manufacture of sad irons, which were also known as solid irons. See Sad Iron Grinder for further details.
Sondesman: alternative name for a Sandesman, who was a messenger, ambassador or envoy.
Soper: made soap, probably by boiling vegetable oil rather than animal fat.
Soyor: probable misspelling of Sawyer.
Spade Tree Maker: alternate term for a Spade Tree Turner, who made wooden spade handles on a lathe.
Spade Tree Turner: turned wooden handles on a lathe. The handles were subsequently fitted with a metal spade head and used for digging.
Spallier: low ranking job in a tin works.
Spectioner: worked on a whaling boat.
Sperviter: the medieval term for a keeper of sparrow-hawks. In later times, may have been used as a sparrow keeper or bird keeper.
Spicer: spice merchant.
Spindle and Fly Maker: made spinning machine components.
Spinner: worked in the textile industry, spinning yarn.
Spinster: an unmarried woman or girl of marriageable age. Derives from the original meaning of a woman who span wool at home for a living, thereby living independently of a man.
Copyright: Jane Hewitt. This dictionary is authorised for use on www.familyresearcher.co.uk only.
Spirit Merchant: sold wines and spirits.
Spit Boy: a kitchen worker, who turned spits in the fireplace to rotate food so that it cooked evenly.
Spittleman: hospital attendant or Porter.
Splitter: a woodcutter or stonecutter.
This dictionary is my own work, and copyright Jane Hewitt. I sometimes find unauthorised (i.e. stolen) copies of my website content appearing on other people's websites. If you should read a group of identical glossary definitions elsewhere on the web, consider whether such sites are reputable or not.
In response to the wide concern currently expressed over animal-product additives and synthetic ingredients in toiletries and cosmetics, this book focuses on making one's own nutrient-rich soaps, scented with natural oils and using only herbal and vegetable dyes. Step-by-step instructions are provided, down to some creative gift-wrapping of the end product.
The author has included many recipes, from old favourites like oatmeal and honey or avocado, to her own for goat's milk, borage and a tropical shampoo bar. There are also tips for trouble-shooting, quickly assessing and correcting problems. All stages of the manufacturing process are covered, from the buying of supplies to cutting and trimming the final bars.