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Xylographer: engraved patterns in wood. This includes engraving the letters in blocks for use in block printing.
Xylopola: a merchant who dealt in wood.
Yagger: a fish merchant or Pedlar.
Yardman: another name for a farm Labourer, or a man who worked for the railway in the goods or engine yards.
Yarn Bleacher: worked in the textile industry, responsible for bleaching fibres such as flax etc.
Yarn Dresser: worked in the textile industry, responsible for preparing flax fibres.
Yatman: another name for a gatekeeper.
Copyright: Jane Hewitt. This dictionary is authorised for use on www.familyresearcher.co.uk only.
Yearman: a man contracted for a year's labour. The term often but not exclusively used in the agriculture industry.
Yeoman: in its earliest form, a servant. From Middle Ages, means a man who accompanied a warrior, similar to a squire. For family tree researchers, the term usually comes up prior to the 18th century meaning a class of farmer who owned their land in some form, as opposed to being tenant farmers. The term may also crop up as a military or naval rank.
Yowler: - a Thatcher's assistant.
Zigarius: a Romanian Gypsy. The word is related to Szgany.
Zinc Worker: Zinc was used for soldering metalwork. Some Zinc Workers were employed in the building industry to solder metal guttering or water and gas pipework / plumbing. This occupational title also crops up in relation to packing crates, in which case it seems that the Zinc Worker soldered crates prior to shipping in order to protect goods in transit. The title can refer to someone who made artistic items out of spelter such as art deco candlesticks or clock cases. Finally the term could refer to a person who extracted zinc from ore, or the person who made spelter, which is an alloy of copper and zinc.
Zincographer: worked in the printing industry, responsible for etching the zinc plates.
Zitherist: a musician who played the zither, a stringed musical instrument from Europe.
Zoetrope Maker: a person who made zoetropes. These novelty devices provide the illusion of movement from a series of static pictures which are rotated quickly.
Zoographer: a specialist who classifies animals and records their habitats and behaviours.
Zythepsarist: brewed alcohol.
This dictionary is my own work, and copyright Jane Hewitt. I sometimes find unauthorised (i.e. stolen) copies of my website content appearing on other people's websites. If you should read a group of identical glossary definitions elsewhere on the web, consider whether such sites are reputable or not.
A brilliant and penetrating new history of the First World War by one of the world's foremost experts on the conflict. Reissued with a new introduction from the author.
Hew Strachan is one of the world's foremost experts on the Great War of 1914-18. His on-going three-volume history of the conflict, the first of which was published in 2001, is likely to become the standard academic reference work: Max Hastings called it 'one of the most impressive books of modern history in a generation', while Richard Holmes hailed it as a 'towering achievement'.
Now, Hew Strachan brings his immense knowledge to a one-volume work aimed squarely at the general reader. The inspiration behind the major Channel 4 series of the same name, to which Hew was chief consultant, THE FIRST WORLD WAR is a significant addition to the literature on this subject, taking as it does a uniquely global view of what is often misconceived as a prolonged skirmish on the Western Front.
Exploring such theatres as the Balkans, Africa and the Ottoman Empire, Strachan assesses Britain's participation in the light of what became a struggle for the defence of liberalism, and show how the war shaped the 'short' twentieth century that followed it.
Accessible, compelling and utterly convincing, this is modern history writing at its finest.