Dictionary of Old Occupations

Click here to return to the index page of the Dictionary of Old Occupations

Definitions of jobs Back Tenter - Banksman

Back Houseboy: a young male Domestic Servant working in the kitchen or scullery.

Bag Stitcher: a 19th century occupation, person employed in a saltworks to sew up bags / sacks of salt prior to dispatch.

Back Tenter: often a small child who cleared away loose fibre / rubbish from behind the working weaving looms, this was noisy and dangerous job.

Back Washer: cleaned wool as part of worsted manufacture. Worsted cloth is made from yarn of the same name and is associated with the English village of Worstead in Norfolk.

Backmaker: alternative term for a Cooper. More recently, may refer to someone working in the clothing industry, operating a sewing machine to assemble the backs of jackets and similar items.

Badger: a Hawker or seller of food.

Badgy Fiddler: boy trumpeter, a Private in the British Army.

Bagman: travelling salesman.

Bagniokeeper: In England prior to 1740 referred to the keeper of a coffee house which offered Turkish baths. The term evolved to refer to brothel keepers.

Bag Room Boy: odd job boy in the pottery industry who helps sort the bags for the press, which was used to remove moisture from the slip to make clay.

Bailie: alternate term for Bailiff, an officer of the court.

Bailiff: an officer of the court who maintained order in the courtroom, or in charge of a manor, town, castle, county etc. with the power to collect fines or take people into custody.

Baillie: alternate term for Bailiff, an officer of the court.

Bairman: Scottish legal term for a person who is a Pauper, i.e. left bare.

Baker Maker: in the pottery industry he hand-pressed clay to produce oval dishes.

Bal Maiden: a female surface worker in the mining industry.

Balancer: worked in coal mines, operating a coal hauling system.

Baler: a person who baled hay, or a mill worker who operated a hydraulic press to bale cotton.

Ballad Monger: alternate term for a Poetaster; a person who wrote or ballads, or who sold printed ballad sheets.

Ballast Heaver: a physical labourer loaded empty ships with ballast, which reduced the chance of capsizing in high winds.

Ballast Master: man in charge of ballasting vessels, in charge of Ballast Heavers.

Baller: measured out balls of clay for the thrower. (pottery industry term).

Baller Up: alternate term for a Baller in the potter industry.

Ballista Archer: military occupation, man who used an early form of the crossbow.

Balloon Blower: late 19th or early 20th century occupation, working in bicycle manufacture. The term balloon refers to rubber inner tubes.

Bandsman: an instrument player in a military band, or a worker in the coal mining industry who operated hoisting gear.

Bandster: seasonal worker (Harvest time) who binds wheat sheaves ready for stacking after the Reapers have cut them.

Copyright: Jane Hewitt. This dictionary is authorised for use on www.familyresearcher.co.uk only.

Bang Beggar: a Constable who carried a large stick (slang), or an Officer of the Parish who set a limit to the amount of time strangers could stay.

Bank Manager: supervisor at a coal mine.

Bank odd man: odd job man (Labourer) in the pottery industry.

Banker: a surface worker in the coal mining industry, or a drainage ditch digger.

Banksman: unloaded cages when they reached the surface of a coalmine and signalled the descent of the workmen / cage.

This dictionary is my own work, and copyright Jane Hewitt. I sometimes find unauthorised (i.e. stolen) copies of my website content appearing on other people's websites. If you should read a group of identical glossary definitions elsewhere on the web, consider whether such sites are reputable or not.

The Great British Bobby: A History of British Policing from 1829 to the Present by Clive Emsley

The name 'Bobby' comes from Sir Robert Peel who, as home secretary, oversaw the creation of the Metropolitan Police in 1829. In spite of his position as a national institution and his appeal as a solution to present-day concerns about law and order, the social history of the Bobby has rarely been explored.

Yet his story (and since the beginning of the twentieth century it is also her story) is as exciting as that of his military cousin, Tommy Atkins. Bobby served on the front line of what is often characterized as 'the war against crime.' He may rarely have fought in pitched battles and almost never with lethal weapons, but his life could be hard and dangerous.