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Ealdorman:the Chief Magistrate of a Shire. Working under control of the King, he commanded the army for the area under his control. The word comes from the phrase 'Elder Man'.
Earer: another term for a ploughman. But who would fancy asking for an earer's lunch?
Earth Stopper: worked for the Hunt, blocking up animal burrows to prevent the fox escaping its grisly fate.
East India Man: worked for The East India Company.
Edge Toolmaker: crafted metal to make edged tools and weapons such as knives etc.
Egg Factor: sold eggs or poultry.
Eggler: another name for an Egg Factor.
Elephants Teeth Dealer: traded in ivory.
Ellerman: traded in lamp oil.
Ellyman: another name for an Ellerman, possibly derived from the term 'oilman'.
Elymaker: produced oil for lamps.
Empresario: commonly known as a show business term, but also referred to land brokers who granted the right to settle land in the New World.
Encaustic Ware Maker: worked in the pottery industry, producing tiles. Encaustic tiles get their colour from the clay, not from glaze.
Endholdernn: another name for an inn keeper.
Engine Cleaner: an early mechanic, who cleaned steam engines to remove ash.
Engine Keeper: an early mechanic, who not only maintained but also drove a steam engine.
Engineman: worked in the mining industry, responsible for operating the winding machinery at a colliery. Was managed by a Bankman.
Engine Smith: crafted and fitted metal engine parts.
Engine Tenter: stretched out woollen cloths to dry using a machine in a mill.
Engine Turner: engraved decorative engine-turned designs onto metal goods.
Enumerator: gathered census data, going door to door. Without these fellows, modern family tree research would be much harder!
Copyright: Jane Hewitt. This dictionary is authorised for use on www.familyresearcher.co.uk only.
Equerry: derived from the French word for stable, an Equerry was a senior person responsible for the care of the horses of a person of standing. These days the word refers to a personal assistant for a member of a Royal family.
Eremite: a recluse. This includes people living alone in accordance with religious vows.
Erite: most online dictionaries of old jobs define this word as meaning heretic. Probably not a trade or profession, but you might find it in old documents.
Esquire: the companion to a noble, gentleman or to a knight in earlier times.
Estafette: a courier who delivered messages on horseback. Derived from French.
Eweherd: another name for a shepherd.
Exchequer: everyone's favourite person, a tax collector.
Exciseman: another popular person, collected tax on imported goods.
Executor: executes a person's last will and testament.
Executrix : the term for a female Executor, who executed wills and testaments.
Expressman : a wagon driver who delivered parcels and mail.
Eyer: another name for a Holer, who was responsible for making the holes in sewing needles through which thread can be passed.
This dictionary is my own work, and copyright Jane Hewitt. I sometimes find unauthorised (i.e. stolen) copies of my website content appearing on other people's websites. If you should read a group of identical glossary definitions elsewhere on the web, consider whether such sites are reputable or not.
If you could travel back in time, the period from 1660 to 1700 would make one of the most exciting destinations in history. It is the age of Samuel Pepys and the Great Fire of London; bawdy comedy and the libertine court of Charles II ― the civil wars are over and a magnificent new era has begun.
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