Dictionary of Old Occupations

Click here to return to the index page of the Dictionary of Old Occupations

Definitions of jobs Ulnager - Upright Worker

Ulnager: examined woollen goods for quality control.

Umbrella Tipper: fitted the metal points fabric to the frame of an umbrella.

Under Gardener: a junior gardener, often worked at a large house.

Under-Viewer: a Viewer's deputy at a mine.

Underlay Stitcher: a Cobbler who sewed leather to make boots and shoes.

Underlooker: supervised a section of a mine.

Underpresser: presses cloth and materials smooth using a steam iron.

Understudy: a junior actor who learns the part of a leading actor, so as to be able to cover the role if required.

Undertaker: a funeral director or mortician.

Underviewer: worked in a mine, similar to an Underlooker.

Underwood Dealer: similar to a Coppice Dealer.

Unfortunate: a working girl or a lady of negotiable affection to paraphrase the great Terry Pratchett.

Upholder: an old term for someone who repaired furniture upholstery, or an 18th century interior decorator.

Upholsterer: fitted padding, springs and coverings to furniture.

Copyright: Jane Hewitt. This dictionary is authorised for use on www.familyresearcher.co.uk only.

Upholsteress: a female upholsterer.

Upper Stitcher: a worker who sewed the leather uppers for shoes and boots.

Uptwister: worked in the textile industry, responsible for winding yarn onto the revolving spindle.

Upright Worker: a Chimney Sweep, who swept soot from chimneys in order to prevent chimney fires.

This dictionary is my own work, and copyright Jane Hewitt. I sometimes find unauthorised (i.e. stolen) copies of my website content appearing on other people's websites. If you should read a group of identical glossary definitions elsewhere on the web, consider whether such sites are reputable or not.

London: The Biography by Peter Ackroyd

Much of Peter Ackroyd's work has been concerned with the life and past of London but here, as a culmination, is his definitive account of the city. For him it is a living organism, with its own laws of growth and change, so London is a biography rather than a history.

It differs from other histories, too, in the range and diversity of its contents. Ackroyd portrays London from the time of the Druids to the beginning of the twenty-first century, noting magnificence in both epochs, but this is not a simple chronological record. There are chapters on the history of silence and the history of light, the history of childhood and the history of suicide, the history of Cockney speech and the history of drink.

London is perhaps the most important study of the city ever written, and confirms Ackroyd's status as what one critic has called 'our age's greatest London imagination.'

Buy Now

Finding our free resources helpful? You can support us by recommending our research services to your friends, or make a donation. Thank you.